The Homer of Joannes Gennadius The exhibition is an attempt to reconstruct a Homeric universe according to the perspective of the collector Joannes Gennadius who assembled 700 important Homeric editions.  A selection of rare editions of Homer brings to life the routes and metamorphoses of the primary Homeric material in time and space. Unique treasures…

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Translations and Paraphrases The translations and adaptations of the Homeric texts into other languages transformed the material further. In addition to the first Latin versions, many translations and paraphrases circulated in sixteenth-century Europe in Modern Greek, French, German, Spanish, and Italian. In the following centuries, this practice became a vehicle for expressing cultural and political…

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Homeric Epics: Study, Commentaries, and Teaching The reconstruction of the original Homeric text and the commentaries on the texts have been a field of study since antiquity. In Hellenistic Alexandria, philologists compared Homeric manuscripts in order to arrive at a text free of errors and verse additions. Scholarly commentaries in the margins of the Homeric…

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Illustrating the Homeric Editions The Homeric epics have been a timeless source of inspiration and artistic creation; printed editions were first illustrated in the 16th century. The charming woodcuts that adorn the first modern Greek Iliad (Nikolaos Loukanis, Venice, 1526) are a brilliant example. Later examples include sumptuous editions with engravings, such as those of…

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Homeric Epics and Typography: Beginnings and Dispersion The transition from oral to manuscript tradition and the printing revolution constitute the two main metamorphoses of the original Homeric material. The arrival of many Greek scholars to the West after the fall of Constantinople in 1453 in tandem with pioneering printers resulted in the production of impressive Homeric…

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